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North American Trade Agreement 2019

Bysupport

Sep 5, 2023

The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) has been a topic of debate and discussion for many years. After extensive negotiations, the United States, Canada, and Mexico reached a new agreement in 2019, known as the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA).

The USMCA aims to modernize and update NAFTA, which had been in place since 1994. The agreement covers a wide range of industries, including agriculture, manufacturing, and digital trade. It also includes provisions for labor and environmental protections.

One of the key changes in the USMCA is related to the auto industry. Under NAFTA, automakers could use parts from any of the three countries and still qualify for tariff-free trade. However, the USMCA requires that at least 75% of a car`s parts must be made in North America to avoid tariffs. Additionally, a significant portion of the car`s components must be produced by workers earning at least $16 an hour.

The USMCA also includes new provisions related to the agricultural industry. For example, Canada agreed to allow more American dairy products into their market, while the United States agreed to remove tariffs on Mexican tomatoes. The agreement also includes measures to combat illegal fishing and protect marine ecosystems.

In terms of labor, the USMCA aims to improve conditions for workers in all three countries. The agreement requires Mexico to pass laws that protect workers` rights to unionize and collectively bargain. It also establishes a new rapid response mechanism to address labor violations.

Finally, the USMCA includes new provisions related to digital trade. The agreement aims to streamline cross-border data flows and prevent countries from imposing data localization requirements, which mandate that companies store data within a certain country`s borders.

Overall, the USMCA represents a significant update to NAFTA and aims to address many of the issues that arose under the previous agreement. While the agreement has not been without its critics, it represents an important step forward in North American trade relations.

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